The Photogram - a History
No work of this type can be the work of only one person. The historical record is steeped with information that a current work must reference and discuss. During visits to museums and galleries, the author has met and discussed various aspects of the photogram, photography, its purposes, messages, ideas, and techniques. I would like to thank the following people who have in their own way contributed to this work. Patricia Laligant of Patricia Laligant Gallery, New York City, New York for making me aware of the photograms of Marcel Bovis, Michael Shapiro of Michael Shapiro Photographs of San Francisco for helpful discussions and for allowing me to borrow research material on the photogram. Thanks also to Susan Herzig at Paul M. Hetzmann, Inc, San Francisco for information on Ei Kyu.
I have also accessed many websites during preparation of this work. I have tried to reference these web sites where they are the only source that I have for the information. Where possible, I have tried to reference, printed material that is accessible in libraries or individual books. There have been several instances where upon return to web sites accessed earlier in the project the site had either removed important material or had disappeared completely. I don’t feel comfortable referencing material that the reader may not be able to find, due to the transient nature of web sites, so wherever possible I have relied on the tried and true hard copy for as many references as possible.
Martinez, Adolfo, PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L., p 15.
Blacklow, Laura, New dimensions in photoprocesses: a Step-by-Step Manual, 3rd Edition Focal Press, 2000, p 188.
The Focal Encyclopedia of Photography, The Macmillan Company 1958 Focal press Limited, Focal press, 31 Fitzroy Square, London, W1, p 836.
Maurer, Dora, Fenyelvtan [Light-syntax]. On the photogram.
Martinez, Adolfo, in PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L. p4-5..
Tucker, Jean S., Light Abstractions: A Photographic Exhibition, University of Missouri-St. Louis, 1980 (exhibition catalogue p 6.
from History of the Photographic Method www.allerli.gmxhome.de/history.htm
Martinez, Adolfo, in PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L., p 5.
Batchen, Geoffrey. Burning With Desire--The Conception of Photography. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1997.
Meteyard, Eliza. The Life of Josiah Wedgwood, London. London: Hurst & Blackett Publishers, 1865.
Frederick, Peter, Creative Sunprinting, Focal Press, NY 1980 London 1st Edition, US ISBN 0 8038 1269 8, ISBN 0 240 51045 3.
Schaaf, Larry J., in Hans P. Kraus fine photographs, Anna Atkins 2006 Calendar, 2006.
Atkins, Anna, Cyanotypes of British and Foreign Flowering Plants and Ferns, circa 1851-1854.
Armstrong, Carol and de Zegher, Catherine, eds., Ocean Flowers: Impression from Nature, The Drawing Center in association with Princeton University Press, 2004
Atkins, Anna with text by Lynn J. Scharf, Sun Gardens: Victorian Photograms, New York 1985.
Martinez, Adolfo, in PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L., p 4.
PhotoVision 22, a quarterly publication, 1981, Arte y Proyectos Editoriales, S. L. p 16.
Experimental Vision, The Evolution of the Photogram since 1919, with essays by Floris M. Neususs, Thomas Barrow and Charles Hagen, 1994 Roberts Rinehart Publishers in association with the Denver Art Museum.
Rosenblum, Naomi, A World History of Photography, 3rd edition 1997, Abbeville Press, p 393.
Eisinger, Joel, Trace and Transformation, American Criticism of Photography in the Modernist Period, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1995, p 6.
Lyons, Nathan, Ed., Photographers on Photography, A Critical Anthology, Foundations of Modern Photography Series, Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1966.
Funke, Jaromir, From The Photogram to Emotion, in Photography in the Modern Era, European Documents and Critical Writings 1913-1940, Metropolitan Museum of Art/Aperture, p 323-330.
Witkovsky, Matthew S., "Jaromir Funke's Abstract Photo series of 1927-1929: History in the Making" in History of Photography, Autumn 2005, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, Abington, UK, pp 228-239.
Molderings, Herbert, "Umbo's Aestetic", in History of Photography, Autumn 2005, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, Abington, UK, pp240-255.
Corpron, Carlotta, Designer With Light, Published for the Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX 1980. Text by Martha A. Sandweiss.
Mitchell, Margaretta K., Recollections: Ten Women of Photography, Viking Press, New York, 1979, p48-65.
Moholy-Nagy, Laszlo, in Black and White Magazine, 3/2002 issue
Rosenblum, Naomi, A World History of Photography, 3rd edition, 1997, Abbeville Press.
Oelbaum, Zeva, Blue Prints: The Natural World in Cyanotype Photographs, Rizzoli, New York 2002.
Birgis, Vladimir, Czech Photographic Avant-Garde, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2002.
Sontag, Susan, On Photography, Penguin, London, 1969.
Barthes, Roland, Camera Lucida, Cape, London, 1982.
Travis, David and Elizabeth Siegel, Taken by Design: Photographs From the Institute of Design, 1937-1971, Art Institute of Chicago in association with The University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Black and White Magazine, December 2005, see photograms
Kepes, Gyorgy, Language of Vision, Chicago, P. Theobald (1944)
Seubert, Susan, "Memento Mori: The Camera-less Tintype" in Camera Arts, December 2005/January 2006, pp18-23.
Neususs, Floris M., Das Fotogramm in der Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts, Die andere Seite der Bilder - Fotografie ohne Kamera, DuMont Buchverlag Koln, 1990.
Arning, Bill and Joel Smith, Kunie Sugiura: Dark Matters/Light Affairs", Pamela Auchincloss Gallery, ISBN 0295980389
Fuss, Adam, in The New York Times Style Magazine, Women's Fashion Spring 2006, pp 196-201.
Jones, Bernard E., Peter C. Bunnell and Robert Sobieszek, Eds., Encyclopedia of Photography, Arno Press, New York, 1974.
Focus magazine, Vol. 2, Issue 7, June 2006, pp 101-106.
SFMOMA, Picturing Modernity: Highlights of the Photography Collection of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, September 2006-ongoing.
Fundaciõ Antoni Tãpies, Laszló Moho;y-Nagy Photograms 1922-1943, http://www.fundaciotapies.org/site/rubrique.php3?id_rubrique=471
Théodore Brauner, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F06E7D71F3DF936A35753C1A9679C8B63
Ernst Schwitters in Norway Photography, Hatze Cantz, ISBN 3775715266.
Linda McCartney, Sun Prints, Bulfinch Press, Little, Brown and Company, 2000.
Sotheby's Phtoographs from the Colllection of Nancy Richardson, New York, Tuesday October 16, 2007, p50.
Coleman, A. D., Light Readings, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.
Grundberg, Andy and Gauss and McCarthy, Kathleen, Inventions and Transformations – the Photos of Thomas Barrow Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1998.
The Extended Document, Rochester, New York: International Center of Photography, George Eastman House, 1975.
Sobieszek, Robert A., “Masterpieces of Photography from the George Eastman House Collections”, New York, Abbeville Press, 1985. p 411.
Jaromir Rossler Czech Avant-Garde Photographer, edited by Vladimir Birgis, Jan Mlcoch, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.
Antonin Dufek, Abstract and Non-Figurative Tendencies in Czech Photographic Avant-Garde 1918-1948, edited by Vladimir Birgus, MIT Press 2002, p77